First Published: 2005-03-07

 
Italy bids solemn farewell to Iraq 'hero'
 

Nicola Calipari lauded as hero for saving journalist Sgrena's life as he shielded her with his body from US gunfire.

 

Middle East Online

By Denis Barnett - ROME

Late Calipari is to be posthumously awarded Italy's highest honour for bravery

Central Rome came to a standstill Monday as Italy bade a solemn farewell to an intelligence officer slain by US gunfire as he escorted a freed Italian hostage to safety in Iraq.

Mourners applauded as the coffin carrying the body of Nicola Calipari was borne into the Santa Maria degli Angeli (Saint Mary of the Angels) basilica by officers from combined Italian military services after a bugler played the Last Post.

Calipari, lauded as a hero for saving journalist Giuliana Sgrena's life as he shielded her with his body from US gunfire on a convoy that was taking her to safety near Baghdad, was given a full state funeral.

In an address to the congregation, Italy's minister with responsibility for the intelligence service, Gianni Letta, called for the diplomatic and political row over his killing to be momentarily set aside.

"This is a time to pay homage together, without arguments, to the heroic gesture of Nicola Calipari," said Letta in an oblique reference to Rome's diplomatic spat with Washington, and fears over a rising chorus of anti-Americanism on the Italian left, which fiercely opposed the US-led war on Iraq and the subsequent deployment of Italian troops.

Letta paid tribute to Calipari's "reserve and discretion" in Iraq while carrying out his duties as Italy's top intelligence officer.

President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi headed a high-profile cast of political and military figures, including Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. Behind him sat US Ambassador Mel Sembler, who was called in by the prime minister as Italy formally protested the "friendly fire" incident on Friday.

Ciampi, 84, for many Italians the father of the nation, comforted Calipari's distraught widow Rosa Maria and her teenaged children during the ceremony.

More than a thousand people packed into the basilica, on the city's Republic Square. Millions more watched the moving ceremony live on television.

At the end of the two-hour service, thousands of people packing the square outside the church gave loud and steady applause as the coffin, wrapped in the Italian tricolour, was borne through an honour guard and placed in a waiting hearse. Calipari was buried in the nearby Verano cemetery.

Earlier, traffic in the city centre came to a standstill and passers-by stood to attention, made the sign of the cross and clapped as the funeral procession rolled past on its two-kilometre (one mile) journey to the basilica from the city's Vittoriano war memorial.

Organisers estimated 100,000 people had lined up to pay their respects as Calipari's body lay in state at the monument from early on Sunday through the night.

"I'm here because Nicola Calipari performed a great service for peace with the professionalism which already pushed him to save the two Simonas," said 70-year-old Giusto Previsiol, who clapped as the cortege passed along the city's Via Nazionale.

Calipari had previously been involved in negotiating the release of two Italian aid workers, Simona Pari and Simona Torretta, held hostage last year for nearly two months.

"It's not every day that one comes across a hero. He did his duty, and made the ultimate sacrifice to save her," said businessman Valeriano Farcas, 32, visibly moved as the cortege passed by.

Ciampi is to posthumously award him Italy's highest honour for bravery.

Monday's scenes of grieving were reminiscent of the state funeral for 19 Italians killed in a truck bombing of their heaquarters in Nasiriyah two years ago.

But this time the anger runs deeper, and is unlikely to be placated by Washington's promises of a full investigation into the incident.

"All Italy demands that the United States give an account of what happened," said Deputy Prime Minister Marco Follini.

"It demands, and I underline the word, clear answers and will not content itself with vague responses," Follini said in an interview published Monday in Rome's conservative Il Messaggero daily.

The White House on Monday rejected as "absurd" Sgrena's repeated suggestion in media interviews that she had been deliberately targeted by US troops, because Washington strongly opposed the kind of negotiations Calipari conducted to free her.

"It's absurd to make any such suggestion, that our men and women in uniform would deliberately target innocent civilians. That's just absurd," spokesman Scott McClellan told reporters.

Italy will not allow the matter to rest, however.

"Today we paid homage to a valiant man, tomorrow we will renew our demand for justice," said former left-wing prime minister Massimo D'Alema, president of the largest opposition party.

Meanwhile Bulgaria, which has 450 troops deployed in Iraq, on Monday also demanded a US explanation for a "friendly fire" incident which left a Bulgarian soldier dead last week on a road some 100 miles (160 kilometers) from Baghdad.

 

Horse-trading begins as Tunisia awaits formation of new government

Jihadists flock to fight on ‘unprecedented scale’

UK court says Libyan Abdul-Hakim Belhaj can sue over rendition

Syria accuses Turkey of ‘flagrant violation of sovereignty’

Global campaign to end female genital mutilation kicks off

US to examine troops exposed to chemicals in Iraq

African Union hits back at Somalia rape claims

New scare in Turkey as ‘suspect packages’ found

‘Insults against Netanyahu’ cause embarrassment to US

Kuwait online activist gets four years in jail for insulting judges

Heavy fighting in South Sudan sparks fears of humanitarian catastrophe

Sweden officially recognises State of Palestine

Egypt jails retired general for damaging national security

Israel closes al-Aqsa mosque to worshipers in rare move

Gaza civil servants receive delayed salaries

After US criticism, Israel vows no concessions to Palestinians

Libya internationally recognised PM opens doors of dialogue with rivals

Huthi rebels seize stronghold of Muslim Brotherhood in central Yemen

Will Nidaa Tounes shun Islamists in Tunisia government formation?

Egypt starts work on buffer zone along border with Gaza

Turkey Sultan unveils new palace: Another break with symbols of secular state

Heavy toll as ‘Islamic State’ fights for control of Syria oil field

Iran President suffers fresh setback with rejection of Science Minister

Nuclear deal or no deal: ‘Red lines’ lay bare internal divisions in Iran

Heavy security in Mogadishu as UN chief meets Somalia president

Fighters from Free Syrian Army leave Turkey to join Kobane battle

Israel denies banning Palestinians sharing buses

Kurd fighters leave northern Iraq base for Syria deployment

Jordan requests UN emergency meeting over Israel settler expansion

Jerusalem Mayor visits Al-Aqsa mosque prompting anger

Tunisia reinforces commitment to democracy with ‘transparent’ elections

Turkey ‘decides’ for Kobane future: No Kurds, no Assad... Only Free Syrian Army!

Bahrain suspends Al-Wefaq weeks before parliamentary elections

Huge game changer in Tunisia: ‘In-credible’ failure of Islamist Ennahda Party

Libya PM in Khartoum for talks with Bashir

PKK hijack truck seizing explosive substance

Saudi lawyers get jail time for offensive tweets

Ennahda concedes defeat in Tunisia parliamentary elections

Syria rebels launch assault on regime-held city of Idlib

Iraq peshmerga wait for Turkey stance to depart for Syria

Sisi enacts military trials decree to cover ‘existential threat’

US calls for online war against ‘Islamic State’

Donors pledge $8 billion for Horn of Africa

Acid attacks in Iran: Deputy of Judiciary Chief to lead investigation

Lebanon army enters Islamist stronghold in Tripoli