First Published: 2011-02-22

 

Libya's monarchist flag: a symbol of anti-Gathafi protest

 

Monarchist flag has become one of symbols of opposition to embattled Libyan leader's rule.

 

Middle East Online

Resurrected

TRIPOLI - The Libyan monarchist flag, raised on Tuesday at the country's embassy in Stockholm, dates from before the iron-fisted rule of Moamer Gathafi and has become one of the symbols of opposition to the embattled leader's rule.

Consisting of a white crescent and star on a horizontal red, black and green triband -- with the central black band twice the width of the outer bands --- the flag was adopted when Libya became independent on December 24, 1951 with King Mohammed Idriss al-Senussi as its head of state.

Today, the flag is still used by monarchists and the Libyan opposition abroad and, during the recent unrest, has been displayed at anti-Gathafi protests at embassies from Stockholm to Belgrade.

Before being adopted across Libya in 1951, the monarchist flag was already that of the eastern region of Cyrenaica from December 1950. Cyrenaica's main city, Benghazi, has led the revolt against Gathafi.

The flag of Cyrenaica was inspired by that of the Ottoman Empire to which it and the province of Tripoli belonged from 1551 to 1912, before being ceded to Italy, which unified the country in 1934.

It flew until being replaced in 1969 following the Libyan Revolution by three of the pan-Arab colours -- red, white and black, but without the fourth colour green.

In 1972, when Libya joined the Federation of Arab Republics, the federation's flag was adopted, featuring a golden hawk holding a scroll with the Arabic name of the federation.

As a sign of protest at the trip by former Egyptian president Anwar Sadat to Jerusalem, and to mark a split with the country, Gathafi in 1977 adopted a new flag, consisting of a green field. It is the only national flag in the world with just one colour and no other details.

The green is meant to symbolise the people's devotion to Islam.

 

Roadmap finally agreed to end brutal Syria conflict

Libya PM threatens new air strikes with Egypt against IS

Aden becomes Yemen de facto ‘political capital’

Turkey not placing high priority on fighting IS

IS militants destroy priceless ancient artefacts in Iraq’s Mosul

UAE reopens Yemen embassy in Aden

Qatar takes full ownership of Porta Nuova

Qatar emir committed to 'stability' in Egypt despite row

Rouhani adviser blames ‘extremists’ for rights violations

US-led coalition raids IS targets in northeastern Syria

IS executioner identity revealed

3 sentenced to death over Bahrain police killings

Hollande condemns French MPs for meeting Assad

HRW: Kurds preventing return of Arabs to disputed Iraq areas

One dead in series of Cairo bombings

UN Security Council calls for stepping up Yemen talks

Kerry: US, Iran have 'mutual interest' in defeating IS

Australian FM warns women against 'romantic adventure' with IS

Lebanese synagogue gets second life

Netanyahu speech to test resilience of US-Israeli ties

Austria adopts 'Islam of European character'

Tuareg chief issues plea for Mali unity

UN: Saleh amassed between $32-60 billion

Libyan FM warns country could be next Syria

Iran rejects US claims of role in Yemen crisis

French planes on Gulf-based carrier make first strikes

Top US official warns against Netanyahu speech to congress

Four French MPs meet Assad in Syria

FIFA cites 'problems' in worker conditions for Qatar World Cup

Mosque torched near Bethlehem

Egypt TV host faces trial for false bathhouse accusations

Turkey drives hard bargain over crucial missile deal

Obama nominates first US ambassador to Somalia since 1991

Obama praises Qatar as 'strong partner' in fighting IS

Saudi goes hi-tech against IS threat

Sisi grants Egypt authorities sweeping anti-terror powers

Algeria police prevent anti-shale gas protest

Turkey revives Istanbul canal plan

Egypt to host Arab League summit end of March

Madrid breaks up online network recruiting young women for IS

Jordan delivers military equipment to Lebanon

Britain 'too late' to inform Turkey on missing girls

Palestinians ordered to pay over $218 million over Jerusalem attacks

French president vows tougher penalties for hate speech

More Egyptians fleeing Libya