First Published: 2011-02-22

 

Libya's monarchist flag: a symbol of anti-Gathafi protest

 

Monarchist flag has become one of symbols of opposition to embattled Libyan leader's rule.

 

Middle East Online

Resurrected

TRIPOLI - The Libyan monarchist flag, raised on Tuesday at the country's embassy in Stockholm, dates from before the iron-fisted rule of Moamer Gathafi and has become one of the symbols of opposition to the embattled leader's rule.

Consisting of a white crescent and star on a horizontal red, black and green triband -- with the central black band twice the width of the outer bands --- the flag was adopted when Libya became independent on December 24, 1951 with King Mohammed Idriss al-Senussi as its head of state.

Today, the flag is still used by monarchists and the Libyan opposition abroad and, during the recent unrest, has been displayed at anti-Gathafi protests at embassies from Stockholm to Belgrade.

Before being adopted across Libya in 1951, the monarchist flag was already that of the eastern region of Cyrenaica from December 1950. Cyrenaica's main city, Benghazi, has led the revolt against Gathafi.

The flag of Cyrenaica was inspired by that of the Ottoman Empire to which it and the province of Tripoli belonged from 1551 to 1912, before being ceded to Italy, which unified the country in 1934.

It flew until being replaced in 1969 following the Libyan Revolution by three of the pan-Arab colours -- red, white and black, but without the fourth colour green.

In 1972, when Libya joined the Federation of Arab Republics, the federation's flag was adopted, featuring a golden hawk holding a scroll with the Arabic name of the federation.

As a sign of protest at the trip by former Egyptian president Anwar Sadat to Jerusalem, and to mark a split with the country, Gathafi in 1977 adopted a new flag, consisting of a green field. It is the only national flag in the world with just one colour and no other details.

The green is meant to symbolise the people's devotion to Islam.

 

Libya to investigate 'slave auction' footage

Iraq top court declares Kurd referendum unconstitutional

Saudi Arabia, Arab allies push for unity against Iran, Hezbollah meddling

15 women killed in food aid crush in Morocco

Rare moments of joy at Arabs’ unprecedented World Cup qualifications

UN chief horrified by Libya slave auctions

Qatar 2022 chief has no regrets over hosting World Cup

Gheit says Lebanon should be 'spared' from regional tensions

Syria ‘de-escalation zone’ does nothing to stop civilian deaths

Is a demilitarised Palestinian state a viable option?

S&P affirms good Saudi credit ratings

Israel president faces big backlash over Palestinian scarf

Sudan leader to visit Russia Thursday

Seven years into Libya’s civil war, the chaos continues

Lebanon FM will not attend Arab League Iran summit

Syrian forces liberate Albu Kamal from IS

Israel votes to shut migrant centre, deport Africans

Diplomats from Iran, Russia, Turkey discuss Syria

Libya to investigate ‘slave auction’ footage

Piece by piece, Iran moves towards a ‘new empire’

Netanyahu faces new questioning over corruption case

Syria troops, allies retake most of Albu Kamal from IS

EU cuts funding to Turkey in 2018 budget

Lebanon's Hariri arrives in Paris

Egypt opens Gaza border for first time since unity deal

US-Russia rift threatens fragile prospects for Syria peace

'Caliphate' in tatters but IS still a threat

Saudi Arabia recalls ambassador to Berlin over Gabriel Lebanon comments

Russia again vetoes renewal of Syria gas attacks probe

UN weighs bid to save Syria gas attacks probe

IS attack kills 26 displaced people in Syria

Saudi FM says Lebanon 'held hostage by Hezbollah'

Egypt to open Rafah crossing for 3 days

Turkish troops pulled from NATO drill amid new tensions

Six children among civilians killed in shelling of Eastern Ghouta

US official calls on Sudan to stop 'church demolitions'

Hariri set to leave Saudi Arabia for France

Fears of bombs, IS cells still haunt Mosul

Iraq retakes Rawa, last town held by IS

Riyadh striking deals with people detained in anti-graft purge

Iran criticises French Mideast policy

Russia again blocks UN resolution on Syria action

Israel military chief says ready to cooperate with Saudi Arabia

Egypt confirms death of wanted jihadist

UK denies link between citizen detained in Iran and £400m debt