First Published: 2017-06-18

Consensus inevitable as Lebanonís political map is redrawn
The apparent rapprochement between Lebanonís two largest Christian parties appears to be undergoing change.
Middle East Online

By Rami Rayess - BEIRUT

Cabinet meeting at the presidential palace of Baabda

L ebanonís protracted politi≠cal crisis seems to be com≠ing to an end. After many troubled months, indica≠tors point to consensus has been reached over a new elec≠toral law with fresh alliances are forming ahead of the introduction of a new voting system.

The most recent Lebanese elec≠tions were in June 2009. Since then, parliament extended its term twice, both times under the pretext of security. With the current par≠liamentís mandate to expire June 20, a third extension looks almost inevitable before elections, set for May 2018, take place under the new system.

Historically, every Lebanese elec≠tion since 1943 has been the spur for a staggering amount of political debate over the best electoral sys≠tem under which to have the vote. These debates produced only ad≠justments to a system weighted for the benefit of whatever ruling fac≠tion is in power. For instance, under Syrian tutelage, the law was adapt≠ed according to the best interests of Syriaís allies with minimal possibil≠ity of protest for their opponents.

However, rather than simply an adjustment in favour of the coun≠tryís competing elites, the new law marks a drastic shift in how votes are measured and what govern≠ments are appointed. It is a shift from the majoritarian voting sys≠tem of winner-take-all to the pro≠portional representative system of competing closed lists, with par≠liamentís structure decided on the proportion of overall votes won.

The new system looks set to not only redraw Lebanonís political map but to pave the way for new factions to enter parliament, some for the first time. Civil society ac≠tivists, long excluded from direct participation in the mechanics of government, may be able to enter parliament and the traditional coa≠litions built after the 2005 assas≠sination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri also look set to be re≠visited.

Moreover, the countryís tra≠ditional coalitions, the March 8 grouping (made up of Syriaís al≠lies, Hezbollah and the Free Patri≠otic Movement) and the March 14 coalition (made up of current Prime Minister Saad Hariri, the Christian Lebanese Forces and leader of the Progressive Socialist Party, Walid Jumblatt, before his withdrawal in 2009) all look to end with the replacement of the current voting system.

Furthermore, the apparent rap≠prochement between Lebanonís two largest Christian parties ap≠pears to be undergoing change. Following decades of differences, struggle and even military con≠flict, the dťtente between the Free Patriotic Movement (FPM) and the Lebanese Forces (LF) seems to be experiencing a period of flux, as the longstanding alliance between the FPM and Hezbollah continues to draw the FPM closer into the Army of Godís orbit.

Whether the FPM will be able to compromise its old alliance with Hezbollah, which is highly antago≠nistic to the Lebanese Forces, is a serious question. Furthermore, whether FPMís alliance with LF will survive amid fierce competi≠tion over parliamentary seats in the so-called Christian provinces is also questionable.

LF leader Samir Geagea started nominating his candidates for sev≠eral of electoral districts before the agreement on the new electoral law was reached. More than anything, it is a clear signal to its rivals that the LF is intent on getting what it clearly regards as its due share of the electoral cake.

In southern and Beqaa districts, there are few surprises anticipated as the consistently successful al≠liance between Parliamentary Speaker Nabih Berri and Hezbollah, which has held since 1992, looks set to continue unchallenged.

However, the question remains as to how other electoral alliances, such as those between Jumblattís Progressive Socialist Party and Hariri, or that between Berri and FPM and others may fare.

The Sunni street seems quite up≠set with several policies pursued by Hariri. For evidence, look at Beirutís municipal elections, during which Haririís list managed victory by the slenderest of margins. In Tripoli, Lebanonís second largest city and one with a sweeping Sunni major≠ity, Haririís list fell short of winning.

That the Lebanese political map is to be redrawn along new lines ap≠pears inevitable. However, regard≠less of whatever weight any party or faction might hold, Lebanonís history has provided ample proof time and time again that, without consensus, politics in this country rarely works.

Rami Rayess is editor-in-chief of Lebanese Al Anbaa Electronic Newspaper ( and spokesman for the Progressive Socialist Party in Lebanon.

This article was originally published in The Arab Weekly.


US says Iran supplied ballistic missile to Yemen rebels

UN 'appalled' at mass execution of jihadists in Iraq

Palestinians call for protests against Pence Jerusalem visit

Over half Syrian refugees in Lebanon live in 'extreme poverty'

Palestinian activist killed in Gaza protests

Palestinian billionaire detained in Saudi Arabia

Egypt opens Rafah crossing for four days

Turkey court releases 7 suspects in New Year attack trial

Foreign fighters a worry as IS struggles to survive

Palestinians killed in continuing protests over Jerusalem occupation

Bourita: Extraordinary meeting between ECOWAS, Morocco to be held beginning of 2018

Saudi-led air strikes, clashes as Yemen forces battle rebels

Sahel force funding shows terrorism fight is Saudi 'priority'

Iraq's Sistani says Hashed should be under government control

Middle-class Egypt adapts as costs soar

Somalia's budget meets IMF terms

Israel PM questioned in graft probe

Lebanon approves bid for oil, gas exploration

US to present 'irrefutable evidence' of Iran violations

Istanbul 'to remove Gulen links' from street names

Iraq hangs 38 jihadists

Pence to visit Middle East despite controversy

Hamas chief calls for continued Jerusalem protests

EU to repatriate 15,000 migrants from Libya in two months

Syria Kurds fear US ally will desert them after IS defeat

Israeli drugmaker Teva to cut 14,000 jobs over two years

Turkey rescues 51 migrants stranded on rocks

Saudi, UAE hold talks with Yemen Islamists

18 killed after bomber strikes Mogadishu police academy

Israeli air strikes target Hamas military facilities

US-led air strikes kill 23 civilians in Syria

Israel union calls nationwide strike over pharmaceutical giant job cuts

UN envoy urges Putin to press Assad for elections

Yemen's Huthi rebels release pro-Saleh media staff

Israel intelligence minister invites Saudi prince to visit

Saudi-led strikes kill 30 in rebel-run Yemen prison

Saudi king says Palestinians have 'right' to Jerusalem

Erdogan urges world to recognise Jerusalem as Palestinian capital

Saudi King says determined to confront corruption

South Sudan needs $1.7 billion humanitarian aid in 2018

UAE oil giant floats 10 percent of retail arm to strong interest

US skeptical about Putin's declaration of military victory in Syria

Growing concern about rise of far-right in Austria

Saudi, UAE seeks to help West Africa fight terrorism

Somali journalist dies after Mogadishu bombing