First Published: 2017-12-05

Turkey begins trial of academics on ‘terror’ charges
Over 1,120 academics to stand hugely controversial trial for signing petitions in January 2016 calling for end to military crackdown on Kurdish rebels.
Middle East Online

Protester placard reads 'Academy will not bow to government'

ISTANBUL - Turkey on Tuesday began the hugely controversial trial of a group of academics charged with terror offences for signing a petition calling for peace in the Kurdish-dominated southeast.

Over 1,120 Turkish and also foreign academics signed the petition which emerged in January 2016 calling for an end to the military's crackdown on outlawed Kurdish rebels in the southeast that had begun six months earlier.

The academics say the petition was an apolitical call for peace but prosecutors charged 146 of the signatories with making propaganda for the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK).

The first 10 -- from Istanbul University and Galatasaray University -- went on trial in Istanbul on Tuesday with the hearing attended by EU diplomats including the French ambassador.

Each suspect had a 10-minute hearing at the start of a marathon process expected to continue until at least April. The prosecution has chosen not to stage a mass trial involving all the suspects in the same case.

In the first hearings, the defence argued that the petition was "within boundaries of freedom of expression" and demanded their immediate acquittal, a journalist in the court said.

Their next hearings will take place on April 12. Ten more academics will appear in court on Thursday with further sessions scheduled throughout December and January.

Outside the court, students gathered in support of their lecturers, brandishing banners with slogans, including: "Don't touch my professor!"

- 'Shocking miscarriage of justice' -

If convicted, the suspects face up to seven-and-a-half years in jail. None of those who went on trial on Tuesday is currently being held behind bars.

Professor Ibrahim Kaboglu, whose hearing is set for December 21, called the trial an "absurdity."

"It's a paradoxical dilemma. There's no logic. It cannot be justified legally," said Kaboglu, who lost his job after signing the petition.

"The trial is rooted in freedom of expression, which is a crucial problem for Turkey," he said.

Renowned US philosopher and linguist Noam Chomsky, who also signed the petition, issued a statement in solidarity with the Turkish scholars, criticising the penal case as a "shocking miscarriage of justice."

"The case is an assault against fundamental rights of free expression that should be zealously safeguarded," the leftwing academic said in a message.

France said it was monitoring the case with "great attention", calling on Turkey to respect its commitments on human rights and fundamental freedoms.

"Respect for the right to a fair trial and the promotion of an active and pluralistic civil society are essential components of any democracy," the French foreign ministry said in a statement.

It emphasised France's support for Galatasaray University -- set up in 1992 under a Turkish-French agreement -- hailing it as an "essential pillar of French-Turkish cooperation."

- 'Deliberate, planned massacre' -

Turkey's latest campaign against the PKK has been backed by heavy ground offensives the government says are necessary to crush a terror group but activists say the operation has been marked by disregard for civilian lives.

The petition denounced a "deliberate and planned massacre" in the southeast, which it said was "in serious violation of international law."

Erdogan sharply criticised the signatories, saying they were "party to" the bloodshed being carried out by the PKK, and invited his foreign critics, including Chomsky, to come see the situation for themselves.

But Human Rights Watch on Tuesday said the trials violated the right to freedom of speech and were a "misuse of terrorism laws".

The prosecution claims that the academics were responding to a call from a senior PKK figure for intellectuals to support the Kurdish militant cause.

The trials opened to the backdrop of growing concern over freedom of expression in Turkey following a massive crackdown in the wake of the failed coup of July 2016 against Erdogan's rule.

Since then, thousands of employees in the education sector have been dismissed under laws linked to the state of emergency, among them 463 of the academics who signed the petition, HRW said.


Turkey warns Syria against protecting Kurds

Two hardline Syria rebels announce merger

IS kills 25 Iraqi militiamen near Kirkuk

Sudan frees dozens of activists detained after protests

Saudi Arabia to host first Arab Fashion Week

Somalia appoints new police, intelligence chiefs

Iran plane crash rescue search halted for second night

France reaffirms commitment to Iran nuclear deal

Abbas warms up to Moscow amid cold US-Palestinian ties

Israel strikes 'historic' gas contract with Egypt

Are Iranian satellite channels aiding regime change?

Israel pounds Gaza with air strikes after rocket attack

Iraq orders deportation of French jihadist

Pro-Assad militias to enter Syria's Afrin

Three Egyptian soldiers killed in Sinai

Israeli, US officials meet over gas row with Lebanon

Iran's supreme leader says progress needed on justice

Syria Kurds claim striking positions in Turkey

Netanyahu warns Iran, brandishes piece of metal

66 feared dead as plane crashes in Iranian mountains

Saudi women to open businesses without male permission

Netanyahu slams 'outrageous' Holocaust remark by Polish PM

Israeli air strikes kill 2 in Gaza

Six suffer breathing difficulties after Turkish shelling in Afrin

Russian mercenaries - a discrete weapon in Syria

Iran protests ban on wrestler who threw bout to avoid Israel

Fears of expanding Syrian war could trigger peace deal

Battle to free Mosul of IS 'intellectual terrorism'

Turkey frees Garman-Turk journalist after one year without charge

Turkey hands life sentences to 3 journalists for Gulen links

Turkey, US agree to ‘work together’ in Syria

Thousands protest corruption in Tel Aviv amid PM indictment call

Prominent jihadist commander killed by rival Syria rebels

300 Russians killed in Syria battle last week

Tillerson, Erdogan have ‘productive, open’ talk

Iran raises rates, freezes accounts in bid to shore up rial

Kremlin says five Russians killed in US Syria strikes

Oman FM in rare visit by Arab official to Jerusalem

Senior IS leader extradited to Iraq from Turkey

Strikes hit another hospital in Syria's Idlib

Churches snub Jerusalem reception over tax dispute with Israeli authorities

Tillerson says US never gave 'heavy arms' to Kurdish YPG

Captured foreign IS suspects claim innocence

Yemeni mother awaits death penalty for spying for UAE

Fuel shortage shuts down Gaza's only power plant